ENM005 Dan Mayfield of Albuquerque Business First on Wind and Solar Projects in New Mexico

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windturbineThere is lots of activity in the areas of wind and solar electricity generation in New Mexico due to renewable fuels standards in New Mexico and in surrounding states.  Dan Mayfield of New Mexico Business First discusses renewables in New Mexico and some of the issues these sources of electricity generation face. Wally and Gerges also discuss pre and post drilling water testing and an upcoming safety event.

ENM004 Blake Scott on Recycling of Drilling Cuttings for Roads

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pecos1Blake Scott of Scott Environmental Services, Inc. talks about his company’s method of recycling drilling cuttings to make roads and drilling pads.  The method Scott Environmental uses saves on construction costs, offsite disposal and potential future liabilities.  For more information visit scottenv.com

New Mexico Oil & Gas Association – Voluntary Baseline Sampling Guideline

Water drop.It should be understood that with over a million fracture treatments performed by the oil and gas industry, there has never been a documented case of groundwater impacts from such operations. One also should understand that drinking water rights are not regularly conveyed in oil and gas leases and operators can only offer such sampling as authorized by the owner of such rights. Thus where conducted, the New Mexico Oil & Gas Association (NMOGA) offers herein a voluntary program for baseline groundwater sampling for consideration by its members. The sampling program would satisfy three objectives:

  • Inform landowners that have concern about potential impact to water well quality
  • Generate baseline data representative of groundwater well conditions in the area prior to the start of drilling activities and following completion; and,
  • Provide a framework for a program that generates consistent and accurate data to ensure no impact from hydraulic fracturing operations

Participation in the baseline sampling program will be strictly voluntary. Sampling protocols as suggested in industry standards may serve as guidance for developing individual sampling protocols. NMOGA strongly recommends that all such water sampling be conducted by an independent, qualified environmental consulting firm to promote credibility and transparency.

Where to Sample

As appropriate, operators will identify water wells registered with the New Mexico Office of the State Engineer within ¼ mile of the surface location of the intended oil/gas well (http://nmwrrs.ose.state.nm.us/nmwrrs/meterReport.html). Registered wells may include domestic water supply wells as well as agricultural and stock wells. Operators will contact registered well owners and solicit their written authorization to access and sample their active water wells for the purpose of obtaining a baseline water sample. Up to two wells, if present, within the radius of review should be selected for the initial sampling to be conducted prior to spud of the proposed well to be completed by hydraulically fracture.

When to Sample

It is important to collect the initial samples prior to the spud but, not more than 6 months before the spud date to allow the results of analytical testing to be evaluated and shared with the land owner. A post-completion water sample should be collected from the same water well locations not less than six months or more than one year following well completion and stimulation.

Analyses to Perform

The selected environmental analytical laboratory should comply with all EPA testing protocols including SW-846. Using a laboratory that meets the certification requirements of The NELAC Institute (TNI) provides an added level of defensibility to the data. Pre-drill and post-completion samples should be collected in laboratory provided glassware, sealed and transported under Chain of Custody protocols to the selected laboratory for analysis of:

Alkalinity (Bicarbonate & Carbonate of CaCO3); Phosphorus; (Cations) Boron, Iron, Calcium, Magnesium, Manganese and Sodium; (Anions) Bromide, Chloride, Sulfate, Nitrate, and Nitrite as N; Dissolved methane gas; (VOC) benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene & total xylenes (BTEX); and total dissolved solids. If dissolved methane exceeds 5 mg/l, consideration should be given to the use of stable isotope analysis (SIA) and compositional analysis. Physical parameters should be noted during collection including temperature, pH and specific conductance.

It is recommended that laboratory analysis reports (including the NM “How Well Do You Know Your Water Well” booklet that will be released in late 2014) be provided to the property owner without interpretation or comment.

Methodology of Sampling

A thorough evaluation of the selected water supply system should be conducted prior to sampling with photographs, a site sketch, weather and other information noted including deviations from established sampling protocols. General well condition, elevation, description of the water system, topography, vegetation and proximity to possible contaminant sources or utilities should be noted. Sampling location should be recorded using GPS equipment capable of 3-meter accuracy.

Water samples should be collected as closely as possible to the well head without any disturbance of the actual well system, and should be collected in a location upstream of any installed water treatment system (water softener, reverse osmosis, activated carbon filtration, etc.). Flow rate should be noted, and any observed turbidity, odor, sediment, bubbles, or discoloration of the water should be noted in sample documents.

Data Management and Analysis

The importance of managing the information generated by a baseline sampling program should not be underestimated. A data management plan is highly recommended. Quality Assurance and Quality Control of both the sample collection process and laboratory analytical data should be established and rigidly adhered to.

Table 1

Suggested Baseline Sampling Collected Data Elements

 

Data Point Description
Drilling Location Well name, coordinates, spud date, plat map file.
Property Owner Name, address, phone number.
Parcel Information Parcel ID (Tax ID), owner name/ID, physical address (when available).
Sampling Location Location name/ID, Location type (ag well, potable well, seep, etc.), coordinates.
Record of Communication History of communications with landowner regarding property access, sampling, and any complaints.
Permission to Sample Documentation of written permission to access the property and collect the sample.
Samples Documentation of sample collection including: field notes; chains of custody; photographs, and analytical lab reports.
Landowner Notification Documentation of written notification sent to the landowner containing the results of the samples collected. Some require certified mail receipts.

Click here to download a PDF version of the NMOGA Voluntary Baseline Sampling Guideline

ENM003 Richard Anklam of the New Mexico Tax Research Institute

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Screen Shot 2014-06-02 at 1.12.15 PMRichard Anklam of the New Mexico Tax Research Institute discusses the fiscal impact of oil and natural gas production in New Mexico. See Fiscal Impacts of Oil and Natural Gas Production in New Mexico or visit NewMexico31.com.

ENM002 Randy Pacheco, Joni Duran and Leandra Sandoval talk about San Juan College Energy School

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San Juan Energy School

Wally Drangmeister, Leandra Sandoval, Joni Duran and Randy Pacheco

Energy New Mexico welcomes Randy Pacheco, Joni Duran and Leandra Sandoval. Listen to this episode to learn more about job opportunities in the oil and gas industry. Learn about how the San Juan College School of Energy prepares students for careers in the rapidly growing oil and gas industry.

ENM 001 Energy New Mexico Interview with Mike Hightower

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Wally Drangmeister and Gerges Scott visit with Mike Hightower from Sandia National Laboratory on water and energy issues.  Here is a chart of U.S. Energy Flow in 2013 that was referenced in the show.

2013USEnergy

Click Here to Download PDF Version of the Chart

Hydrualic Fracturing in New Mexico

Click to download Hydraulic Fracturing Booklet (Pdf File)

Hydraulic Fracturing, also know as “fracking” is a proven technology that has been used for more than 60 years to safely enhance the production of natural gas and oil from more than one million wells in the United States. For years, oil and gas deposits in certain rock formations, including many shale formations, were thought to be uneconomical to produce. Advances in drilling and completion technologies including fracking now allow operators to develop many previously uneconomic resources. New drilling technologies now allow operators to drill thousands of feet below freshwater supplies and then turn horizontally into rock formations where hydraulic fracturing releases vast oil and natural gas deposits that were once considered unreachable. While hydraulic fracturing has been used for decades, the process has been continually refined to be even more effective.

Hydraulic fracturing occurs at great depths – generally a mile or more underground, thousands of feet below freshwater supplies. With the safety system of steel casing and cement in place, operators drill vertically thousands of feet down then drill horizontally into the targeted rock formation. After drilling, a mixture of pressurized water, sand, and a specifically formulated fracturing compound is pumped thousands of feet down into the formation to create tiny, millimeter-thick fissures in carefully targeted sections of host rock. These tiny fractures free the trapped oil and natural gas. Oil and natural gas operators in New Mexico typically use a fracturing compound (or fracking fluid) that is 99.5% water and sand and 0.5% chemically based additives. The sand helps to prop open the tiny fractures to facilitate the flow of oil or gas. For more information on fracking fluid, see Energy in Depth’s “A Fluid Situation.”

Is hydraulic fracturing safe?

Yes. In 2004, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency concluded, “the injection of hydraulic fracturing fluids into coal-bed methane wells pose little or no threat to (underground drinking water).” The agency, in a review of incidents of drinking water well contamination, found “no confirmed cases linked to fracturing fluid injection of CBM (coalbed methane) wells or subsequent underground movement of fracturing fluid.” See EPA’s Evaluation of Impacts to Underground Sources of Drinking Water by Hydraulic Fracturing.

A 2004 report by the Ground Water Protection Council, an association of state regulators, and the Environmental Protection Agency have demonstrated the effectiveness of current state regulations in protecting ground water resources. See Ground Water Protection Council, “State Oil and Gas Regulations Designed to Protect Water Resources,” May 27, 2009.

How Well Construction Protects Freshwater Supplies

Courtesy of API – Click to Enlarge

Under state regulation, comprehensive rules are in place to ensure that wells are constructed in a manner that protects freshwater supplies.

Each well is encased in multiple layers of steel which are surrounded by cement to create a redundant safeguard between fracking fluids and water supplies during well drilling and completion, and later during well production. In addition, there are thousands of feet of rock between the freshwater zone and the zone where fracking occurs.

What are the Production Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing

Hydraulic fracturing plays a very important role in energy production nationally and in New Mexico. A 2009 IHS Global Insight Report prepared for the the American Petroleum Institute entitled “Measuring the Economic and Energy Impacts of Proposals to Regulate Hydraulic Fracturing” concluded that if Congress were to place additional federal regulations on top of the state and local regulations that govern the oil and gas industry practice of hydraulic fracturing, the number of new U.S. wells drilled would plummet 20.5 percent over a five-year period. The study also concluded that elimination of the use of hydraulic fracturing would be catastrophic to the development of American natural gas and oil, with a 79 percent drop in well completions, resulting in a 45 percent reduction in natural gas production and a 17 percent reduction in oil production by 2014.

The Horizontal Drilling and Hydraulic Fracturing Process

Truthland Video – A Mother Seeks the Truth about Claims in Movie Gasland

New Mexico Energy Industry on the Radio

EnergyNM_logo_1400x1400.jpgSunday Morning Radio Show to Premiere on 770 KKOB-AM

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:
CONTACT: Wally Drangmeister, New Mexico Oil & Gas Association
(505) 982-2568, wallyd@nmoga.org, www.nmoga.org

April 28, 2014-(Santa Fe, N.M.) Today the New Mexico Oil & Gas Association (NMOGA) announced the May 4th premiere of “Energy New Mexico” radio show on 770 KKOB-AM. The 10:00 a.m. bi-monthly broadcast will be co-hosted by Wally Drangmeister and Gerges Scott.

“We’re excited with the Sunday morning time slot and the opportunity to talk about the booming New Mexico energy industry,” said Wally Drangmeister, NMOGA Communications Director. “With this show we can educate and dispel the misinformation about an industry that is the economic backbone of our state,” added Gerges Scott, Executive Director of New Mexico Energy Forum.

The hour long “Energy New Mexico” show will feature interviews with knowledgeable industry experts and commentary on timely and relevant issues surrounding energy in the state, region and nation.

“The format will also allow us to take questions and comments from the listeners, we expect the hour to be lively and informative,” said Drangmeister. “Our listeners will have a great opportunity to become better informed of the wide rage of opportunities, issues and challenges facing the energy industry in New Mexico,” said Scott.

“Energy New Mexico” sponsored by NMOGAbegins 10:00 a.m. Sunday May 4th and airs every other Sunday exclusively on 770 KKOB-AM and on-line at http://www.770kkob.com. Show notes and past episodes of Energy New Mexico will be available at http://www.nmoga.org/enm.

San Miguel County Commission Extends Moratorium on Oil and Gas Development for Six Months

Screen Shot 2014-04-08 at 5.19.47 PM Las Vegas, New Mexico (April 8, 2014)  At today’s San Miguel County Commission meeting , commissioners voted 3 to 2 to extend the existing moratorium on oil and natural gas development for six more months.  The two commissioners voting against the motion sought a two year moratorium.